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About Bangladesh

About Bangladesh

Bangladesh, locally known as "Country of Bengal"; is an evergreen country located in South Asia. Bangladesh emerged as an Independent country in 1971, after a nine (9) months long liberation war against West Pakistan (Pakistan) and recognized as the "People's Republic of Bangladesh" (Official Name). Bangladesh is the second largest river basin in the world after Amazon and the most beautiful riverine country with a total number of 700 rivers including the tributaries. Bangladesh proudly represents TWO (2) nominees of Seven Wonders of the World, Cox's Bazar: World's Longest Unbroken (natural) Sea Beach and Sundarban: Largest Mangrove Forest of the world which is also home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and is included in UNESCO's World Heritage Site.

This is the most densely populated agricultural country in the world where 63 % of the total population still lives on agriculture and the people of this country are naturally hospitable and caring which is a unique characteristics that attracts a large number of tourist around the world every year. Islam is the major religion in Bangladesh where almost 90% of the population are Muslims and considered as one of the most beautifully synchronized country around the world where all religions are practiced with joy and peace. This country still got it's raw natural beauty where you can enjoy the best blend of total six seasons throughout the whole year with a combination of Hills, Waterfalls, Rivers, Canals, Lakes, Wildlife and most importantly the villages and the ever smiling people of Bengal. Bangladesh is also renowned for a unique spicy food culture with a wide variety of taste and considered as one of the largest cuisine of the world.

Apart from the historical significance of the Liberation War and Language Movement, Bangladesh is a proud eyewitness of so many historical events and activities. It is believed that Buddhism has flourished from this part of ancient Bengal which is the obvious reason for the existence of the largest Buddhist Monastery of the world.

Fast Facts


People's Republic of Bangladesh

Government System

Parliamentary democracy


Southern Asia

Time zone

GMT + 6 hours


Bordered by the Bay of Bengal, Myanmar and India


  • Total Area: 147,570 square kilometers or 56,977 square miles (820 kilometers north to south and 600 kilometers east to west)
  • Land Area: 133,910 square kilometers

Geographic Coordinates

24 00 N, 90 00 E


Bangla (Also known as Bengali)



Business Capital


Major Cities

Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal & Rangpur


  • Muslim: 89.5%
  • Hindu: 9.5%
  • Christian: 0.3%
  • Buddhist: 0.7%

Climate & Seasons

Tropical Monsoon type climate with a hot and rainy summer and a dry winter.
Total Six seasons: Grisho (Summer), Barsha (Rainy), Sharat (Autumn), Hemanta (Late Autumn), Sheet (Winter), and Boshonto (Spring) but Four seasons are distinguishable: Summer, Rainy, Winter and Autumn.

Natural Resources

  • Natural Gas
  • Arable Land
  • Timber
  • Coal


  • Chittagong Seaport
  • Khulna Seaport


  • Dhaka (International)
  • Chittagong (International)
  • Sylhet (International)
  • Jessore
  • Cox's Bazar
  • Syedpur
  • Rajshahi
  • Barisal

Major Industries

  • RMG (Ready Made Garments)
  • Garment accessories
  • Jute
  • Fisheries
  • Shipbuilding
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Leather and leather goods
  • Cements
  • Fertilizers


  • Currency : Taka (BDT)
  • GDP total: $105.00 bn (at current prices 2010-11)
  • GDP per capita: $775 (at current prices 2010-11)
  • GDP growth rate (%): 6.32 (at constant prices 2011-12)


  • Liberation War, 1971
  • Language Movement, 1952

Local Sports

  • Kabbadi (National Sport)
  • Boli Khela (Local Wrestling)

Events & Festivals

Historical Events

  • Victory Day: 16th December
  • Independence Day: 26th March
  • International Mother Language Day: 21st February

Cultural or Traditional Events / Festivals

  • Bengali New Year / Pohela Baishakh / Hal Khata: 14th April
  • Spring Festival / Basanta Utshab / Pohela Falgun: 13th February
  • Rabindra & Nazrul Jayanti: 25th Baisakh & 11th Jaistha (Followed by Bengali Calendar)
  • Shakrain / Kite Festival / Poush Sankranti: 14th January
  • Nabanna / New Corp Festival / Late Autumn Festival: Late Autumn (November or December)
  • Ekushey Boi Mela: 1st February

Religious Festivals

  • Eid-ul-Fitr: 1st Shawwal (Followed by Islamic Calendar)
  • Eid-ul-Azha: 10th Zilhaj (Followed by Islamic Calendar)
  • Eid-e-Miladunnabi: 12th Rabiul Awal (Followed by Islamic Calendar)
  • Muharram: 10th Muharram (Followed by Islamic Calendar)
  • Bishwa Ijtema: After Eid-ul-Azha, according to Islamic Calendar (December or January)
  • Durga Puja: According to the traditional Hindu calendar
  • Kali Puja / Shyama Puja: On the new moon day of the Hindu month Ashwin (Followed by the traditional Hindu calendar)
  • Saraswati Puja: Month of January or February (According to the traditional Hindu calendar)
  • Buddha Purnima: On the fullmoon night in the month of Baishakh (Either April or May)
  • Christmas / Borodin: 25th December
  • Langalbandh Mela, Sonargaon: Last day of Chaitra (Followed by Bengali Calendar / Mid April)

Cultural Facts

  • Mostly 3 generations are used to live in one home. Bengali culture doesn't allow to live separately and they like to be together.
  • Elders are much respected. Young people respect and take care of elders like their parents, grandparents, aunties and uncles. Elders of the family is the decision maker regarding every family matters and youngers are bound to listen to the elders.
  • When a younger person meets an elder person that he hasn't seen for a while, he approaches him, touches elders feet and then touches his own chest and repeats this for 3 times to show the respect. Meanwhile the elder puts his hand on younger person's head and gives blessing to him.

Traditional Facts

  • Weddings in Bangladesh are followed by some unique traditional activities and carries great social, cultural and traditional values. Generally guardians of brides and grooms arrange an engagement party before the marriage take place. Main wedding programs are covered in 3 days following different programs called Gaye Holud (Body coloring day), Biye (Marriage Day) and Bou Bhaat (Reception or Walima).
  • There are many marriage symbols for Hindu women like they use a red line (Sindur) on the head where the hair split into half, red tip on their forehead, 2 white bracelets and one metal. That's how Hindu wives must look every day.
  • Family and relatives are the most important thing here. The bonds are very, very close. People may introduce their 3rd level cousin your brother or sister and you may call your nephew your son. You love your family, you take care of your family, and your family is everything.
  • Here everything is about sincerity and love toward others. And thinking and taking care about others. And about appreciating other care and love, and work and just being beside. Love is in the air! And compassion is all around you. And God is always beside you.

Local Transport

The main vehicle is Rickshaw which is easily convenient for two people to ride on and generally used as a short distance transport. It also used as goods carrier.